People with diabetes commonly develop temporary or permanent damage to nerve tissue. Nerve injuries are caused by decreased blood flow and high blood-sugar levels, and are more likely to develop if blood-glucose levels are poorly controlled.
Some diabetics will not develop nerve damage, while others may develop this condition relatively early. On average, the onset of symptoms occurs 10 to 20 years after diabetes has been diagnosed. Approximately 50% of people with diabetes will eventually develop nerve damage.
Peripheral nerve injuries may affect cranial nerves or nerves from the spinal column and their branches. This type of neuropathy (nerve injury) tends to develop in stages. Early on, intermittent pain and tingling is noted in the extremities, particularly the feet. In later stages, the pain is more intense and constant. Finally, a painless neuropathy develops when pain sensation is lost to an area. This greatly increases the risk of severe tissue injury because pain no longer alerts the person to injury.
Autonomic neuropathies affect the nerves that regulate involuntary vital functions, including the heart muscle, smooth muscles and glands. Low blood pressure, diarrhea, constipation, sexual impotence, and other symptoms can be caused by autonomic neuropathies.
Diabetics are at increased risk for all manner of infections from head to toe, compared to non-diabetics. There are two reasons for this and both have to do with elevated blood glucose levels. Many infection causing microorganisms feed on the excess glucose in diabetics’ blood. Furthermore, higher than normal glucose levels impairs the immune system which is ultimately responsible for fighting infections.
Not all “ulcers” occur in the stomach or intestine. An ulcer is an open sore, and diabetics are especially prone to foot ulcers that may become infected. There are several reasons why people with diabetes are so susceptible to foot ulcers: The feet can be hard to examine, especially for those who are overweight. Neuropathy may leave unawareness of foot wounds. Cardiovascular complications may limit the blood supply to the feet and legs, impairing the immune system's ability to fight infections. This is especially true for smokers. Smoking constricts the blood vessels, impairing healing even more.
Closely monitor your glucose levels. By maintaining normal glucose levels, both your immune system and nervous system functions far more efficiently. Use a glucometer to find out your blood sugar level. It is safe, easy and accurate, when used correctly. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions, and log the results to help you and your physician track your progress and make any necessary treatment plan adjustments.
Eat properly according to your physician’s or dietician’s recommendations. By eating more frequent and smaller meals (5-6), it is easier to maintain proper glucose levels as opposed to 2-3 larger meals per day.
- Stop Smoking. Major factor contributing to blood circulatory problems.
Exercise regularly, according to your doctor’s recommendation
Examine your feet regularly. The use of a mirror can help examine your feet more easily.
- Washing feet with soap and water daily and drying them thoroughly.
Make sure to get in between the toes and in the folds of the skin where bacteria and fungi thrive.
- Change your socks regularly. Wearing socks made of cotton or materials that "wick" away moisture. If your feet sweat, change socks twice a day and wash them in hot water after each wearing. Use drying powders to help keep feet dry, but avoid corn starch, which feeds any bacteria or fungi that may be present.
- Examine your socks. Any red or brown stains on socks are likely to be blood, signaling an ulcer.
- Use proper footwear. Footwear and foot orthotics play an important role in diabetic footcare. Footwear that fits poorly can cause irritation and injury. Specially designed orthotics for protecting the insensitive diabetic foot, are also frequently recommended. Selecting well-ventilated shoes that allow feet to "breathe." Avoid shoes made of synthetic materials. Alternating pairs of shoes to allow them to air out between uses. Disinfect your footwear regularly. Diabetic Footwear should also provide the following benefits:
- High, wide toe box (high and wide space in the toe area)
- Removable insoles for fitting flexibility and the option to insert orthotics if necessaryRocker soles.
- These soles are designed to reduce pressure in the areas of the foot most susceptible to pain, most notably the heel and the ball-of-the-foot.
- Firm Heel Counters for extra and support and stability.
- During every visit to the doctor a foot examination should be a must.
For optimal foot health apply Healthibetic Foot Cream. The regular use of Healthibetic Foot Cream significantly increases the blood circulation in the feet. This increase in circulation not only removes pooled glucose but it ultimately allows your immune system to function properly. You will quickly notice that your feet look and feel healthier than ever before. Your feet will also be warmer. Healthibetic Foot Cream is formulated by a doctor and clinically proven. Healthibetic is 100% safe and effective.
YOU DESERVE HAPPY, HEALTHY AND COMFORTABLE FEET.